He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins, as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah, "The voice of one crying out in the wilderness: 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make his paths straight...'" John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, "You brood of vipers! Bear fruits worthy of repentance...." And the crowds asked him, "What then shall we do?
" In reply he said, "Whoever has two coats must share with anyone who has none; and whoever has food must do likewise." Lk But Herod the Tetrarch, who had been rebuked by him because of Herodias, his brother's wife, and because of all the evil things that Herod had done, added to them all by shutting up John in prison.
When he heard him, he was greatly perplexed; and yet he liked to listen to him.
But an opportunity came when Herod on his birthday gave a banquet for his courtiers and officers and for the leaders of Galilee.
There are three of these, that of the Pharisees, the Sadducees, and the third that of the Essenes, as we have frequently told you.
I thought that being acquainted with them all I could choose the best.
When the daughter of Herodias came in and danced, she pleased Herod and his guests; and the king said to the girl, "Ask me for whatever you wish, and I will give it." And he solemnly swore to her, "Whatever you ask me, I will give you, even half of my kingdom." She went out and said to her mother, "What should I ask for?
" She replied, "The head of John the baptizer." Immediately she rushed back to the king and requested, I want you to give me at once the head of John the Baptist on a platter." The king was deeply grieved; yet out of regard for his oaths and for the guests, he did not want to refuse her.
14:1-12) A Baptism of Purification Herodias and Salome Herod and Herodias and Herod's First Wife and Aretas Josephus in the Desert The Popularity of John the Baptist A Baptism of Repentance Essenes Herod's Marriage to Herodias Salome The Dating of John According to Josephus The Argument of Saulnier A Baptism of Repentance Mark 1:4-9 John the baptizer appeared in the desert, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.
By that means she soon came into Arabia, under the conduct of the several generals, who carried her from one to another successively; and soon she came to her father and told him of Herod's intentions.
Aretas made this the start of his enmity toward Herod.
Now some of the Jews thought that the destruction of Herod's army came from God, and was a very just punishment for what he did against John called the baptist [the dipper].
For Herod had him killed, although he was a good man and had urged the Jews to exert themselves to virtue, both as to justice toward one another and reverence towards God, and having done so join together in washing.